The regasification capacity of the Polish LNG import terminal in Świnoujście will soon grow to 6.2 bcm per annum, and from 2024 – to 8.3 bcm. Also, in a few years’ time, a second terminal in the Floating Storage Regasification Unit (FSRU) technology will be built near Gdańsk.
The key event on the Polish gas market was the construction of the terminal in Świnoujście. The facility with a regasification capacity of 5 bcm per year was put into service in June 2016. It was then that the first vessel making commercial deliveries of liquefied raw material to our country was received and unloaded. To date, the facility has serviced 147 such deliveries, from which the national transmission grid received 15 bcm of gas. However, market needs, the necessity to diversify gas supply and improve Poland’s and the entire region’s energy security are much greater, hence the decision to expand.
The LNG terminal expansion programme currently implemented by Gaz-System in Świnoujście consists of two stages. The first one includes the installation of two additional regasificators (SCV). Its implementation is in its final phase. At the beginning of December the construction works were completed and now the commissioning phase and the start-up of the new installation are underway. As a result, in the coming weeks the throughput of the terminal will jump to 6.2 billion cubic metres per year.
As for the second stage (the construction of a third tank and a new quay for ships), the work is already well advanced. In October, a massive wall of the new tank was erected in less than three weeks. Work is currently underway to connect the 26 segments of the roof. The third tank will be larger than the two existing ones. The new facility will have a capacity of 180,000 cubic metres, while the other tanks have a capacity of 160,000 cubic metres each.
In the second phase of this project, a second quay for ships will also be built. The completion of the expansion programme is scheduled for December 2023. As a result of its implementation, the terminal will increase its regasification capacity to 8.3 billion cubic metres per year. The port will also operate more flexibly, so there will be an opportunity to launch new services. These will mainly include bunkering of ships, loading LNG onto vessels and reloading LNG from ship to ship.
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In terms of occupancy, the Świnoujście gas port has been at the forefront of in Europe for several years, as its capacity is 100 percent booked. In December 2021 alone, the unloading of four vessels with liquefied gas is planned. The supplied raw material is not only fed into the national gas pipeline grid, but is also loaded into road tankers and distributed to consumers in liquefied form. The demand for these services is also constantly growing. Consequently, the terminal has decided to provide them around the clock. This means that up to 30 road tankers can be loaded at the facility within 24 hours. In December, the 15,000th LNG vehicle departed from the terminal. The gas for customers is usually delivered to industrial and local regasification stations located in places which are not connected to the grid.
In response to the growing demand for gas in Poland, Gaz-System is implementing the project related to the construction of a new LNG terminal in Gdansk. This time, however, it is not an on-shore facility but a floating storage regasification unit (FSRU) to be moored in the Gdansk Bay area. At the end of November, the company launched a binding open season procedure for this terminal. Its purpose is to verify the interest of market participants in the regasification capacity of the new facility by placing binding long-term orders for the use of regasification services. On this basis, Gaz-System will be able to take a preliminary investment decision and proceed to the design stage. In the next stage of open season, planned for 2022, the final regasification agreements are to be concluded. It will then be possible to start construction.
The main objective of the FSRU programme is to create an infrastructure that will enable additional volumes of sea-borne LNG to be received, regasified and introduced into the national gas grid. The programme envisions the extension of the transmission system to allow for an effective distribution of the blue fuel in Poland.
The new terminal is to enable the receipt of approx. 6.1 bcm of gas annually. Moreover, if necessary in the future it would be possible to launch a second FSRU of similar capacity.