As of April 2021, Russian natural gas is supplied to Romania via TurkStream without using the Ukrainian transmission system. This was reported by the CEO of the Ukrainian gas transmission pipeline operator OUGTS Sergey Makogon.
Currently, transit in the southern direction through Ukraine is available only for consumers from Moldova. Makogon also recalled that the deliveries of Russian gas to Turkey, Greece and Bulgaria through the Ukrainian gas transmission system was stopped after the TurkStream pipeline became operational.
According to him, if work on the pipeline extension through Bulgaria and Serbia is completed, Gazprom will shift transit to Hungary via the TurkStream pipeline and Ukraine will lose another 10-12 bcm of gas transit per year. He added that these figures therefore show how important it is not to allow gas imports through Nord Stream 2.
Deliveries of natural gas through the Ukrainian gas transmission system in 2020 amounted to 55.8 bcm, 37.7 per cent less than in 2019 (89.6 bcm).
TurkStream has a capacity of 15.75 bcm, catering mainly for the Turkish market. Its objective is to transport 31.5 billion cubic metres of Russian natural gas per year to the western provinces of Turkey, with half of this volume further exported to the Balkans and Central Europe, including Bulgaria, Serbia and Hungary. It was commissioned in January 2020. Turkey, Bulgaria, Greece, Macedonia and Romania were the first to receive gas via this route. Serbia has been receiving it through the new route since the beginning of 2021.
It is worth recalling that on 1 January 2020, the transit agreement concluded in 2009 between Naftogaz of Ukraine and Gazprom expired. On 30 December 2019, a new document was signed for the transit of gas through Ukraine to Europe. The agreement envisioned the transit of at least 65 bcm of Russian gas in 2020 and 40 bcm in 2021-2024.
By Annie Cook (photo: TurkStream)