The FirstBio2Shipping project will help decarbonize maritime transport through scalable and decentralised production of bio-LNG.
The FirstBio2Shipping project, set to be completed in 2023, will achieve a decentralised production of bio-LNG designated for usage in the maritime industry. The plant will produce around 2,400 ton/year of bio-LNG (or liquefied biomethane), located at the Attero facility in Wilp, the Netherlands.
This substantial funding is a clear recognition by the EU of the vital role that bio-LNG will play in decarbonising the maritime industry and expediting the energy transition. The collaboration of the front-runners in sustainable fuels shows their commitment to, and belief in, the strong pathway to maritime decarbonisation through bio-LNG. As one of the first projects to receive funding from the Fit for 55 package, the FirstBio2Shipping project has also been recognised as practical, because it will supply into existing LNG fuelling infrastructure.
Bio-LNG originates from organic waste flows, particularly domestic and agricultural waste that are available in abundance. Attero will produce 6 million Nm3 of biogas per year from domestic biowaste for the FirstBio2Shipping project. The biogas is upgraded and liquefied into bio-LNG by Nordsol’s innovative iLNG technology. This technology resolves various challenges in the production of small-scale LNG, including: producing high quality bio-LNG (not containing contaminants); zero methane ‘slip’ (not releasing unburned methane); and no high temperature demands in gas treatment technologies, resulting in a lower total cost of ownership.
In partnership, Attero and Nordsol will produce 2,400 tons/year high-purity bio-LNG and 5,000 tons/year liquid bioCO2. Titan, the exclusive long-term off-taker, will supply the bio-LNG to the maritime industry where it will costeffectively substitute fossil fuels. The produced bio-LNG will reduce GHG emissions by 92% compared to a conventional maritime fuel, representing more than 87500 tCO2e net absolute emissions avoided during the first ten years of operation.
Producing biogas by digestion of waste streams and converting it into bio-LNG fits into the sustainable circular model resulting in a fuel that is not just potentially net-zero in GHG emissions, but also has the potential to be net-negative in emissions by replacing the use of fossil CO2 by liquefied bio-CO2.
With the introduction of this first bio-LNG plant for shipping, LNG-fuelled vessels can take a significant step towards achieving decarbonisation goals and meeting European Union and International Maritime Organisation regulations. Shipping’s pathway to decarbonisation via LNG, bio-LNG, and in the longer-term green hydrogen-derived E-LNG is well underway and emissions will only reduce more as Titan, Attero and Nordsol scale-up bio-LNG production further.